PIR motion sensor interface with AVR-microcontroller ATMEGA32

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pir-sensor-interface-with-avr

Passive Infra red sensor also known as PIR sensors is capable of detecting motion or movement within a certain range. These type of sensors have wide range of applications in our daily life and it is essential to learn the interfacing method. This article is going to demonstrate the PIR motion sensor interface with AVR microcontroller.

APPLICATIONS OF PIR SENSOR:

Lets see some of the common applications of PIR sensor for better understanding.

  1. Automated doors in shopping malls.
  2. Lifts
  3. Garden lights
  4. Parking areas

PIR SENSOR:
pir-sensor-module-pin-diagram

 

The PIR sensor detect only bodies (hot materials and living objects) in motions not the static ones. This sensor uses Infra red beam to detect the motion and only covers a certain space based on the sensor model, i advise you to go through the manufacturer datasheet to know about the range. This sensor module gives only two output states that is logic High 1 which is equivalent to 3.3 V and logic low 0 equivalent to 0 V.

SCHEMATIC DESIGN:

pir-sensor-interface-circuit-diagram

WORKING:

The PIR sensor is interfaced with Atmega32 AVR microcontroller to detect the motion around the environment. Atmega32 considers any voltage between 2V to 5V as logic high. Hence PIR sensor is directly interfaced to the input pin of the controller.

The circuit shown above will read the status of the output of the PIR sensor and switch ON the LED when there is a motion detected and switch OFF the LED when there is nothing. Output pin of the PIR sensor is connected to PortC.0 pin of the atmega32.  LED is connected through PORTB.0  of the microcontroller.

CODE:

 

#include<avr/io.h>
#define F_CPU 8000000UL
#include<util/delay.h>
int main()
{
DDRC=0x00; //configuring PortC pin 0 as input
PORTC=0x00; 
DDRB=0x01; // configuring PortB as output
PORTB=0x00; // buzzer/LED off
while(1)
{
if((PINC&(1<<0)))            // check for sensor pin PC.0 using bit
{
PORTB=0x01;           // buzzer /LED on
_delay_ms(5000);
PORTB=0x00;
}
else
PORTB=0x00;  // buzzer/LED off
}           
return 0;
}

NOTE:

  • Use a current limiting resistor with the LED.
  • You can increase or decrease the delay of activation that is LED ON time.
  • You can also use buzzer in place of LED in the above circuit.
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I'm an electronics enthusiast, I have a master's degree in Electronics and communication engineering (ECE) from the christ college of engineeering ,pondicherry university I love to explain things in simple ways

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3 Comments on "PIR motion sensor interface with AVR-microcontroller ATMEGA32"

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Fedricman
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please i need complete project on passive infared detector using AVR microcontroller

Olajide Oyekunle
Guest

Did you mean to define your CPU clock to be 8MHz or 800KHz

Admin

Olajide,
Yes thanks for pointing it out. It was updated correctly now.

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